Sources, citing and referencing at Biology Department, Lund University: Simple tips to compose proper sources

How exactly to compose references that are correct

Just how to compose proper sources according into the design utilized in the Department of Biology, Lund University.

The style utilized in the Department of Biology, Lund University is really a traditional harvard design. there are numerous good referencing guides for Harvard styles because it is very utilized, plus some get within the part on suggested books, websites etc. nonetheless although each is Harvard designs, they are doing vary in details.

NB! Often the book you have got utilized will not include everything had a need to compose a proper guide. This is certainly specially typical for web sites, but often reports and other publications miss some information, and it’s also my impression so it gets to be more and much more typical. In those instances compose the reference of the same quality as you are able to because of the information you have.

Sources to any or all different types of scholarly articles, i.e. research (primary) articles, review articles, meta-analyses etc.


Arendt, J.D. 1997. Adaptive growth that is intrinsic: an integration across taxa. Q. Rev. Biol. 72: 149-177.

Cronin, P., Ryan, F. and Coughlan, M. 2008. Undertaking a literature review: a step by step approach. Br. J. Nurs. 17: 38-43.

Truant, R., Fridell, R.A., Benson, E.R., Herold, A. and Cullen, B.R. 1998. Nucleocytoplasmic shuttling by protein nuclear import facets. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 77: 269-275.

Weetman, D. and Atkinson, D. 2004. Evaluation of alternate hypotheses to describe temperature-induced life history changes in Daphnia. J. Plant Res. 26: 107-116.

in other words. Last name(s), initial(s) of this author(s) NB! into the order that is same regarding the article. Publication year. Article name. Journal title (abbreviated) Volume: pages.

Some (often present) articles might not include all of the “conventional” information required for composing a reference that is correct. For sources to articles that are such examples below:

Oxtoby, L. E., Mathis, J. T., Juranek, L. W. and Wooller, M. J. 2015. Calculating carbon that is stable values of microphytobenthos within the Arctic for application to meals internet studies. Polar Biol. DOI 10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2.

in other words. Final name(s), initial(s) for the author(s). Year of book. Article name. Journal name. DOI quantity. DOI is short for Digital Object Identifier and it is a unique ID for the electronic document. Ultimately DOI will likely be standard information included to the guide.

Carpalia, C.A., Dopko, R., L. & Zelenski, J.M. 2014. The connection between nature happiness and connectedness: a meta-analysis. Front Side. Psychol. 5: article 976.

for example Last name(s), initial(s) regarding the author(s). Of publication year. Article name. Journal name. Article number

How exactly to reference a site in Harvard design</h2> <p> <span id="more-1899"></span> <p>The best way to reference a webpage in Harvard design is to utilize our automated generator, but there’s a handbook method too by hand if you want to write it. Here’s how exactly to take action both methods:</p> <h2>The way that is easy reference an online site in Harvard style</h2> <p>We could reference a web page for you personally immediately (as well as free) with your reference generator below. Merely paste the web web web page Address in to the search package (or look for some keywords) and then click the outcome we find. It immediately find everything needed to build the guide, in order to duplicate it directly into your project.</p> <h2>Simple tips to reference an online site in Harvard design manually</h2> <p>Follow these guidelines to manually reference a site in Harvard design</p> <p>First, you’ll want to find this info for the web site: page or article writer, web web web page or article title, url of your website, posted date, access date, web web page Address (web site).</p> <p> <ul> <li>The writer can typically be located in the web page, however, if there clearly wasn’t one detailed you can make use of the url of your website in its spot.</li> <li>The web web page title are found close to the the surface of the web web page, and you will additionally think it is by hovering your mouse throughout the web web browser tab.</li> <li>The name that is website frequently be located into the web site or by in search of a logo design or comparable towards the top of this web page.</li> <li>There usually is not a date that is publish however if there is certainly it’ll be very near to the web page name.</li> <li>The access date may be the date you took information through the article (usually today).</li> <li>The web page URL can straight be copied through the target club of one’s browser and can begin.</li> </ul> <p>Then make use of this template and change the placeholders that are coloured the details you on the web page:</p> <p>The last guide should appear to be this:</p> <blockquote><p>Scrivens, S. (2018) Bing eliminates “Save to Inbox” function</p> </blockquote> <h2>How to proceed whenever there’s no author</h2> <p>Usually you’ll find a website doesn’t have actually an obvious author that is personable plus in this instance it is possible to substitute the web web page name as opposed to the writer rather. Adapting the example above would look such as this:</p> <h2>How about numerous writers?</h2> <p>If the web page has numerous writers you ought to add all of them when you look at the format that is same divided by a comma. The final writer should additionally be divided by the ‘&’. 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